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Pre-20th Century
Wilson’s Raid
Most of Alabama escaped the ravages of the Civil War until Union General James H. Wilson’s raid in spring of 1865. Within weeks, Wilson captured prisoners, destroyed four major industrial ...
Pre-20th Century
Tuscaloosa – 2nd State Capital
Tuscaloosa became the second Alabama state capital in 1826, when the state legislature voted to move the seat of government from Cahaba. The city served as the capital until 1846, ...
Sun Ra
Born Herman Blount in Birmingham in 1914, Sun Ra was a prodigious and renowned musician who reinvented jazz throughout his life with his Sun Ra Arkestra. He also pioneered a ...
Sloss Furnaces
James Withers Sloss started the Sloss Furnace Company in 1880 to take advantage of the mineral wealth of the Jones Valley. He built Sloss’s first blast furnace the following year.  ...
DeSoto Caverns
The DeSoto Caverns is best known for its Great Onyx Cathedral, some 120 feet high and larger than a football field. The limestone cave, roughly 3 million years old, has ...
Demopolis Chalk Bluffs
Alabama is home to a diverse and widespread variety of minerals. Chalk, a soft, extremely fine-textured variety of limestone, occurs in the Coastal Plain section of west-central Alabama. Originally formed ...
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