Recent Videos and Activities for Pre-20th Century

State Seal of Alabama

The Alabama State Seal, called the Great Seal, was first designed in 1817 by the governor of the Alabama Territory and later first governor of the state, William Wyatt Bibb. [more]

October 10, 2017

Free State of Winston

The Free State of Winston is a popular name given to Civil War-era Winston County, because of the county’s generally pro-Union stance and resistance to Confederate rule. Unionists opposed secession [more]

October 5, 2017


Gaineswood is an important example of Greek Revival architecture that exemplifies the Black Belt’s significance in Alabama’s economic and cultural history. Once the center of a large plantation, the main [more]

October 5, 2017

Penny Savings Bank

The Penny Savings Bank, founded by Reverend William Reuben Pettiford in Birmingham in 1890, was the first black-owned and black-operated financial institution in Alabama. The bank later established branches in [more]

October 5, 2017

Pope’s Tavern

Pope’s Tavern was a historic inn and stagecoach stop stretching back to Alabama’s territorial period, located in present-day downtown Florence. Archeological evidence suggests that the first building burned at some [more]

October 5, 2017

Tuskegee University

Tuskegee University is the second-oldest historically black college in Alabama and one of the largest in the United States. Founded in 1881 as the Normal School for Colored Teachers at [more]

June 20, 2017

Old Federal Road

Originally designated as a postal route in 1806, the old Federal Road stretched through the Creek Indian territory of lower Alabama. Alabama’s Federal Road functioned as a major thoroughfare for [more]

June 20, 2017


Moundville Archaeological Park contains the remains of one of the largest prehistoric Native American settlements in the United States. Founded around 1120, Moundville was located on the banks of the [more]

June 19, 2017

Fort Mims

Launched in retaliation for the attack on Creek warriors by territorial militia at Burnt Corn Creek, on August 30, 1813, a force of about 700 Creek Indians destroyed Fort Mims [more]

June 19, 2017

Wilson’s Raid

Most of Alabama escaped the ravages of the Civil War until Union General James H. Wilson’s raid in spring of 1865. Within weeks, Wilson captured prisoners, destroyed four major industrial [more]

April 13, 2017