Tuscaloosa native Julia Tutwiler was an educator, prison reformer, writer and outspoken proponent of education for women. She was closely involved with the founding of institutions that became the University of West Alabama and the University of Montevallo and with innovations in education for women and African Americans during the Jim Crow era. Several public buildings in the state bear her name, and her poem “Alabama” is immortalized as the official state song.

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Encyclopedia of Alabama